The United Nations Convention on the Prevention and Punishment of the Crime of Genocide

Historian article

By Paula Kitching, published 29th November 2023

The Nazis came to power in 1933 with an openly racist and antisemitic set of policies. In the years leading up to the start of the Second World War, those policies were carried out through legislation and governmental actions, with the support of many members of German society. Once the war started, those policies and actions expanded further, leading to systematic murder and crimes against humanity. As knowledge of the racial crimes that the Nazi regime was committing against specific groups, especially the Jews of Europe, spread, people grappled to find the language to describe what was happening – to describe what made it different to the horrors of previous wars and horrendous acts against innocent people...

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