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Publication date: 8th April 2013 by Professor Eric Evans, Dr Rosie Kennedy, Professor Stanley Henig, Professor Richard Grayson, Professor Keith Laybourn, Dr Daniel Todman, Dr Helen Parr &
Part 1. Politics, Reform and War
Social & Political Change in the UK 1800-present: Part 1. Politics, Reform and War

1945-64 - Post War Consensus and the welfare state

In this podcast Professor Keith Laybourn of the University of Huddersfield looks at the period 1945-64. What were the key forces that led to the welfare state and the ‘post war consensuses? To what extent did this consensus transform the lives of British people?

 

1. What was the Welfare State and what were its origins? Lloyd George to Beveridge. National Insurance - unemployment benefit, maternity pay, pensions. Universal coverage.

 

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2. The NHS - Aneurin Bevan. The right at point of need to be treated.

 

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3. Housing, Education and Foreign Policy consensus and continuation. The end of Empire, establishing NATO, creating a tripartite education system.

 

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4. Was there a consensus from 1945-79? Diverse opinions within parties. Absolute and relative consensus. Disagreement on education.

 

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5. Did the welfare state fundamentally change people's lives?

 

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Suggested Reading:

Keith Laybourn, The Evolution of British Social Policy and the Welfare State (1995)

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