During this time period some of the movements and trends that have happened earlier carry over and develop momentum or change direction. In this section are articles about the industrial revolution, revolutions in ideas across Europe and the World and the campaigns emerging for social justice, political freedoms and national identities.  Key individuals are explored such as Thomas Payne, and there is also guidance on how to engage with teaching some of this content and breadth of ideas to different age groups for increased understanding and exams.