Vikings settle down

Lesson Plan

Jacqui Dean, last updated: 8th December 2010

Key questions in this lesson:

How can we find out where the Vikings settled?
What can place names tell us about Viking settlement?

Objectives are for the children to:

  • gain an understanding of the pattern of settlement of the Vikings
  • use a map as a source of historical information
  • appreciate that place names can give us information about the past.

Background information

This lesson formed the third in a five-week Viking unit in a school in the centre of Harrogate, North Yorkshire, an area heavily settled by the Vikings.

We wanted the children to understand the full variety of Viking life and culture, that they were so much more than the 'vicious Vikings' stereotype. The overall key question underpinning the unit was, therefore, 'Who were the Vikings?'

In week one we had introduced the Vikings through a case study - a classroom excavation of a burial mound.

In week two the children had conducted group investigations into five different aspects of Viking life and presented their findings to the class. This had given the children a good overview and sense of the Vikings: their family life, and their activities as warriors, traders, explorers and craftsmen/artists.

Now we focused on the local area to research what Viking place names could tell us about Viking settlement in Britain. The documentary evidence about the Vikings coming to Britain is written by their victims. It tells of raids and battles, but there is nothing about the process by which the Vikings settled down in the area known as the Danelaw and eventually became English.

In this lesson children gain an understanding of the pattern of settlement of the Vikings, use a map as a source of historical information, and appreciate that place names can tell us about the past.

(These resources are attached below)


Viking lessons

Romans, Anglo-Saxons and Vikings
Vikings: Egils Saga
Vikings: who were they?
Viking trade

Viking Travel

Viking Burial Mounds

Teaching methods

Questions and Questioning

Maps and Plans 

Roman Place Names

Using maps and placenames: Roman Britain exemplar

Background information for teachers
Vikings: a brief history

Place names from the Ordnance Survey Ordnance Survey
Children can type a Viking placename root (e.g. thwaite, thorpe) into the box under the heading: Start your search here...
Up comes a list of all the places in Britain where the word occurs

Attached files: